Atlantic Endocrinology New York City

What is Diabetes?

Millions of individuals throughout the world suffer from the chronic condition of diabetes.It is characterized by an increase in blood sugar levels, which can cause a series of long-term complications. There are several types of diabetes, with the most common being Type 1 and Type 2. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that occurs when the body’s immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. On the other hand, Type 2 diabetes develops when the body does not produce enough insulin or when the body’s cells do not respond properly to insulin produced. There is also gestational diabetes, which develops during pregnancy and may increase the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes in the future.

Diabetes is a persistent medical condition that demands continuous treatment and regulation. The positive news is that there are multiple treatment alternatives available for individuals suffering from diabetes, irrespective of their diabetes type. For Type 1 diabetes, a typical treatment option is the administration of insulin injections on a daily basis.

Whereas, for Type 2 diabetes, medication by mouth, insulin injections, along with changes in lifestyle and dietary habits may be included in the treatment regime. For gestational diabetes, it may be necessary to observe blood sugar levels carefully during pregnancy, and insulin treatment may be required in some cases. 

With that being said, it is important to take into account that diabetes is a common chronic disease that can affect people of all ages and lifestyles. There are several types of diabetes, each with its own unique characteristics and challenges. However, with proper treatment and management, people with diabetes can lead a healthy and active life. In the following article, we will explore in detail the symptoms and causes of diabetes, as well as the diagnostic methods and treatment options available for each type.

Tips to Manage Diabetes.

Incorporating physical activity into diabetes management is a crucial component. Exercise plays a pivotal role in improving the regulation of blood sugar levels by amplifying the body’s sensitivity to insulin. In addition, it promotes maintaining an optimal body weight, curbing blood pressure, and mitigating the likelihood of cardiovascular disease, which is a typical complication associated with diabetes.

Nevertheless, it is imperative for individuals with diabetes to exercise prudently and seek guidance from their medical team before initiating any exercise regimen.

The type and duration of exercise depend on the individual’s age, overall health, and fitness level. For people with Type 1 diabetes, blood sugar levels must be closely monitored during exercise, as physical activity can cause blood sugar levels to drop too low. It is important to carry a source of glucose, such as a glucose tablet, during exercise to prevent hypoglycemia. For people with Type 2 diabetes, exercise can help to improve insulin sensitivity and blood sugar control.

It is recommended to engage in at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise per week, such as brisk walking or cycling. Strength training exercises are also beneficial for building muscle mass and improving overall health. Overall, regular exercise can help to improve diabetes management and overall health.


Diabetes Treatment.

Treatment and management of diabetes involve a multi-faceted approach that includes medication, lifestyle changes, nutrition, and physical activity. Medications such as insulin and oral medications can help to lower blood sugar levels and improve insulin sensitivity. It is essential to work with a healthcare team to determine the best medication regimen based on individual needs and health status. For people with Type 1 diabetes, daily insulin injections are necessary to maintain normal blood sugar levels. For people with Type 2 diabetes, medications such as metformin, sulfonylureas, and DPP-4 inhibitors may be prescribed.

Apart from medication, making lifestyle changes such as following a wholesome diet and practicing regular physical activity is crucial for managing diabetes. A diet that is low in trans and saturated fats, sodium, and cholesterol is beneficial for regulating blood sugar levels and lowering the probability of developing complications like cardiovascular diseases. Consuming a diverse range of nutrient-dense foods such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins can promote maintaining a healthy weight and improving overall well-being.

Engaging in physical activity such as aerobic exercise and strength training can aid in controlling blood sugar levels and mitigating the risk of complications. It is recommended to partake in moderate-intensity aerobic exercise for a minimum of 150 minutes weekly and perform strength training exercises at least twice a week.

Overall, the treatment and management of diabetes require a holistic approach that addresses both medication and lifestyle factors. Working with a healthcare team, including a physician, nurse, registered dietitian, and certified diabetes educator, can help individuals with diabetes to develop a personalized plan that addresses their unique needs and health goals. With proper treatment and management, people with diabetes can live healthy, active lives and reduce the risk of developing complications.

At Atlantic Endocrinology, we provide exceptional diabetes treatment and care for our patients. Our team of experienced healthcare professionals is dedicated to helping individuals with diabetes manage their condition and achieve optimal health. If you are seeking high-quality diabetes care in New York City, we invite you to explore our website to learn more about our services and schedule an appointment with us today.

Our commitment to patient-centered care and innovative treatment approaches ensures that you will receive the best possible care and support for your diabetes management needs.