Atlantic Endocrinology New York City

What Is a Bone and Joint Specialist Called?

The human body is a masterpiece of engineering, composed of an intricate system of bones, muscles, and joints that allow us to move with grace and precision. However, this system can be affected by various ailments that impact our quality of life.

This is where orthopedic doctors and traumatologists come into play, the guardians of our bones and joints. These specialists focus on diagnosing and treating injuries and diseases that affect the musculoskeletal system, providing us with the opportunity to regain mobility and well-being.

Seek osteoperosis treatment NYC – Book your appointment now!

medico ortopedista 1

Who Are Bone and Joint Specialists? 

Orthopedic surgeons and traumatologists treat a wide range of conditions, including:

  • Fractures and bone injuries: from minor fractures to complex traumas.
  • Joint diseases: arthritis, osteoarthritis, tendonitis, and other conditions affecting the joints.
  • Deformities: congenital or acquired abnormalities in bone or muscle structure.
  • Spinal problems: disc herniations, scoliosis, kyphosis, and other conditions affecting the spine.
  • Bone and soft tissue tumors.
  • Sports injuries.

Patients seen by orthopedic surgeons and traumatologists include individuals of all ages, from children to older adults. Some common patients are:

  • People who have suffered bone fractures or injuries.
  • Individuals experiencing joint pain.
  • Those with bone or muscle deformities.
  • People with spinal problems.
  • Athletes who have suffered injuries.
  • Individuals with bone or soft tissue tumors.

Education and Training of bone and Joint Specialists 

Becoming an orthopedic surgeon is a long and demanding journey that requires great dedication and passion for medicine. Below, the educational path and specialized training needed to achieve this goal are described:

Undergraduate studies:

The first step involves obtaining a bachelor’s degree in Medicine, which typically takes six years. During this period, students acquire basic knowledge in anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pathology, pharmacology, and other medical areas.

It’s worth noting that admission to the Medicine program is highly competitive, requiring an excellent academic record and solid preparation for entrance exams.

Medical residency:

After obtaining the medical degree, completion of a residency in Orthopedics and Traumatology is required, which lasts for four years.

During the residency, doctors rotate through various areas of the specialty, such as spine surgery, hip and knee surgery, hand and wrist surgery, among others.

During this period, residents gain practical experience in diagnosing and treating various musculoskeletal conditions.


Upon completing the residency, some doctors choose to pursue further subspecialization in a specific area of orthopedics, such as spine surgery or hand surgery. These subspecializations typically last between one and two additional years and allow doctors to acquire even deeper knowledge and experience in a particular area.

Continuing education:

Medical education is an ongoing process, so it is essential for orthopedic surgeons to stay updated with the latest advances in their field. This can be achieved by attending conferences, courses, workshops, and reading scientific publications.

Common conditions treated by orthopedic surgeons:

Fractures and bone injuries: Orthopedic surgeons are experts in treating a wide range of fractures and bone injuries, from minor fractures to complex traumas.

Joint diseases: Arthritis, osteoarthritis, tendonitis, and other conditions affecting the joints are treated by these specialists, who can relieve pain and improve mobility.

Deformities: Congenital or acquired abnormalities in bone or muscle structure are corrected by orthopedic surgeons, thereby improving patients’ quality of life.

Spinal problems: Disc herniations, scoliosis, kyphosis, and other conditions affecting the spine are treated by these specialists, who can relieve pain and improve posture.

Choosing the Right Specialist for Your Needs 

It’s crucial to consult an orthopedic doctor if you experience any of the following symptoms:

  • Persistent pain in bones, joints, muscles, or tendons.
  • Inflammation or swelling in the joints.
  • Joint stiffness.
  • Decreased mobility or range of motion.
  • Bone or muscle deformities.
  • Bone fractures or injuries.
  • Spinal problems, such as back pain, disc herniation, or scoliosis.
  • Suspicion of bone or soft tissue tumors.
  • Sports injuries.

How to choose the right specialist?

When selecting an orthopedic doctor, it’s essential to consider the following:

Experience: Look for a specialist with experience in treating the specific condition you’re experiencing.

Education: Research the specialist’s education and ensure they are certified by a recognized medical board.

Reputation: Seek reviews from other patients treated by the specialist.

Location: Choose a specialist who is near your location.

Communication: Look for a specialist with whom you feel comfortable and who can clearly explain your condition and treatment options.


Our intricate musculoskeletal system demands expert attention when facing injuries, diseases, or deformities. This is where the orthopedic surgeon steps in, a highly trained specialist dedicated to restoring mobility and well-being. This conclusion summarizes the key points:

Orthopedic surgeons diagnose and treat conditions affecting bones, joints, muscles, and tendons. They offer a wide range of services, from pain management to complex surgeries.

What they treat: Fractures, arthritis, deformities, spinal issues, and sports injuries are just some of their specialties.

The path to becoming an orthopedic surgeon is long and rigorous, requiring dedication and passion for medicine. It involves undergraduate studies, extensive residency training, and possibly sub-specialization.

Surgery isn’t the only solution! Non-surgical options like physiotherapy, injections, and prosthetics play a crucial role. Surgery is considered when necessary, with various procedures available.

Consider the experience, education, reputation, location, and communication style of the specialist to ensure the best fit for your needs.