Atlantic Endocrinology New York City

What Doctor do i Need to See for PCOS?

Hi friends, today we are talking about PCOS—Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome. PCOS is often misunderstood, and in this article, we’ll break down the facts for you, including what it is, the symptoms, and which doctor you should see if you suspect you have PCOS. Stay tuned for a comprehensive overview that aims to clear up any confusion about this common condition.

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what doctor to see for pcos

What Doctor Do I Need to See for PCOS?

If you suspect you have PCOS, the best doctor to see is a gynecologist or an endocrinologist. These specialists are trained to diagnose and treat hormonal disorders, including PCOS.

Understanding PCOS

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder that affects many women of reproductive age. It is characterized by the presence of multiple small cysts on the ovaries, irregular menstrual cycles, and elevated levels of male hormones (androgens). These hormonal imbalances can lead to a variety of symptoms, including:

  • Irregular periods: This is one of the key diagnostic criteria for PCOS.
  • High androgen levels: This can cause symptoms such as acne, excessive hair growth, and sometimes hair loss.
  • Polycystic ovaries: Many small, fluid-filled sacs on the ovaries visible via ultrasound.

Symptoms of PCOS

PCOS can manifest in various ways, making it a challenge to diagnose. Common symptoms include:

  • Irregular menstrual cycles: Periods that are infrequent, irregular, or prolonged.
  • Excess androgen levels: Leading to hirsutism (excessive facial and body hair), severe acne, and male-pattern baldness.
  • Weight gain: Particularly around the abdomen.
  • Difficulty conceiving: Due to irregular ovulation or anovulation (lack of ovulation).
  • Skin changes: Such as darkening of the skin, particularly in the neck, groin, and under the breasts.

Diagnosing PCOS

Diagnosing PCOS involves meeting two of the following three criteria, known as the Rotterdam criteria:

  1. Irregular periods
  2. Signs of high androgen levels (clinically or via blood tests)
  3. Polycystic ovaries visible on an ultrasound

Causes and Risk Factors

The exact cause of PCOS is not known, but it involves a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Risk factors include:

  • Family history: Having a mother or sister with PCOS increases your risk.
  • Insulin resistance: Many women with PCOS have insulin resistance, which can lead to weight gain and diabetes.
  • Inflammation: Higher levels of inflammation in the body are linked to PCOS.

Treatment Options for PCOS

While there is no cure for PCOS, several treatments can help manage the symptoms and reduce the risk of long-term complications such as diabetes and heart disease. These treatments include:

  • Lifestyle changes: Diet and exercise to manage weight and insulin levels.
  • Medications: To regulate menstrual cycles, reduce androgen levels, and manage insulin resistance.
  • Fertility treatments: For women trying to conceive, treatments to induce ovulation can be effective.

Living with PCOS

Living with PCOS requires a proactive approach to managing symptoms and overall health. Key strategies include:

  • Healthy diet and regular exercise: To help manage weight and insulin resistance.
  • Regular check-ups: With your healthcare provider to monitor symptoms and adjust treatments as needed.
  • Mental health support: Counseling or support groups can be beneficial for dealing with the emotional impact of PCOS.


If you suspect you have PCOS, it’s essential to seek medical advice from a gynecologist or endocrinologist who can provide an accurate diagnosis and effective treatment plan. Understanding PCOS and its symptoms is the first step towards managing this condition and improving your quality of life. Stay informed, stay proactive, and don’t hesitate to seek help from healthcare professionals who can guide you on your journey.