Atlantic Endocrinology New York City

Are you at risk of developing osteoporosis? Learn to recognize risk factors and take preventive measures.

During the process of osteoporosis, bones tend to become porous over time, which can lead to vertebral fractures. It is common to see people who suffer from this bone disease experience a decrease in height and develop a small hump on their back, which is a result of the aforementioned vertebral fractures. Therefore, it is important to learn more about the bones in our body and how they make up the human skeleton.

How is the human skeleton structured?

The human body is made up of 206 bones, and this structure allows us to stand upright and carry out daily activities such as sitting and moving around. Therefore, bones, muscles, and joints together make up the musculoskeletal system.

Firstly, bones consist of a structure that contains proteins, such as collagen, known as the bone matrix. Minerals adhere to this structure to provide rigidity, with calcium being the mineral that provides the most rigidity to bones. Crystals of hydroxyapatite, which adhere to the bone matrix, are created when phosphorus and calcium combine.

Causes of Osteoporosis. 

Over the years, bones self-model and remodel, and in fact, every 10 years, a person completely changes their skeleton. Therefore, a 70-year-old individual will have changed their skeleton up to 7 times. This happens through a mechanism of bone remodeling, as bones are a living tissue that are constantly in motion, and this remodeling is very active during childhood and adolescence, while in adulthood it should be more balanced.

However, this remodeling becomes less efficient in older adults, so bones tend to demineralize. This process usually occurs around the age of 60 or 65 and older, as calcium exits the bones, leading to the bone disease known as osteoporosis.

On the other hand, gender also influences the risk of developing osteoporosis. Women are more likely to develop this disease due to the decrease in estrogen that occurs after menopause. Men can also develop osteoporosis, although to a lesser extent than women.

In addition to age and gender, other risk factors for osteoporosis include a diet deficient in calcium and vitamin D, lack of physical activity, smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, and certain medical conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease and rheumatoid arthritis. A lack of calcium and vitamin D in the diet can negatively affect bone health, while regular physical activity helps to strengthen bones and reduce the risk of osteoporosis. 

Tobacco and alcohol can also negatively affect bone health, increasing the risk of fractures. It is important to be aware of these risk factors for osteoporosis and take preventive measures to reduce the risk of developing this disease.


Osteoporosis is not just a problem for older women.

Osteoporosis is commonly associated with older women, but it can affect both men and women of all ages. While women are more likely to develop osteoporosis due to hormonal changes, men can also be at risk, especially as they age. Men can also experience a decrease in bone density due to factors such as a sedentary lifestyle, poor nutrition, and smoking.

Regardless of gender, osteoporosis can have serious consequences, including an increased risk of fractures and reduced mobility. Younger people may not be as aware of the risk of osteoporosis, but lifestyle habits developed early on can have a significant impact on bone health later in life.

A diet rich in calcium and vitamin D, regular physical activity, and avoiding tobacco and excessive alcohol consumption can help maintain strong bones throughout life. Therefore, It is very important to educate people of all ages and genders on the importance of taking care of bone health and preventing osteoporosis.

Treatment Options for Osteoporosis.

Treatment options for osteoporosis may vary depending on the severity of the condition and individual factors. Medications can help to slow or stop bone loss, and in some cases, even increase bone density. Some common medications used to treat osteoporosis include bisphosphonates, hormone therapy, and selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs). 

These medications can be effective in reducing the risk of fractures and improving bone density. However, it is important to discuss the potential benefits and risks with a healthcare provider, as some medications can have side effects.

In addition to medication, physical therapy can be an important part of osteoporosis treatment. Physical therapy can help to improve balance and coordination, reducing the risk of falls and fractures. Exercises that target specific muscle groups can also help to improve bone strength and reduce the risk of bone loss. Lifestyle changes can also be beneficial in treating osteoporosis.

On the other hand, eating a diet rich in calcium and vitamin D, getting regular physical activity, and avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol consumption can all help to improve bone health and reduce the risk of fractures.

It is important to note that while there are treatments available for osteoporosis, prevention is key. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle from a young age can help to build strong bones and reduce the risk of developing osteoporosis later in life. 

It is crucial to address any concerns related to bone health and undergo regular bone density screenings as advised by a healthcare professional. Early detection of osteoporosis can help in initiating appropriate treatment, which can minimize the impact of the disease and enable individuals to maintain their independence and quality of life.